5G has referred to as the fifth generation in the mobile network technology. On the other hand, the previous generations in mobile network technology were 2G, 3G, and 4G. 5G offers the fastest connection network in comparison with the other mobile networks. It is more reliable, providing network greater capacity with low response times. People call 5G technology a network of networks because of the union with several existing standards and different technologies.
What is 5G technology?
- The 5G services have started in countries like the USA and South Korea. It is in a limited form that covers a limited area only in these countries. UK is in the initial stages to roll out the 5G network in their country.
- On the other hand, the 5G network is known as the fifth-generation mobile network. It is an updated version and a more improved version of the mobile network after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G.
- 5G becomes a developed network designed so that people can connect virtually with each other. 5G wireless technology aims to increase availability, network capacity, uniform network experience, high GBPS data speeds, and low latency.
- New users can use the upgraded mobile network version 5G to experience the upgraded level of services.
How does 5G work?
The wireless communication system carries the radio frequencies through air transport. Moreover, the 5G mobile network works the same way as the other mobile networks 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G. It carries the information at a fast rate. In the past, the service was available to licensed users only. The 5G mobile network had untouched by the people, as it was an expensive service for them. Higher brands are using it to carry information quickly using 5G to large distances. However, the signal capacity is affected due to the objects like buildings and trees. Multiple input and output antennas have been used to improve the signal quality for the 5G services. These antennas are beneficial for boosting the signals. Small transmitters are used in the technology that is placed on the buildings and street furniture. It has been estimated that 5G holds the ability to support 1000 users at one time. 5G technology can slice the physical network in many multiple virtual networks.
- Fast Speed: 4G network has been designed for the phones. On the other hand, the 5G network is faster than the 4G network as it covers 10 gigabytes in 10 seconds. 5G is 100 times faster than 4G. For example, it takes 50 minutes to transfer data using 4G comparatively; with 5G technologies, it will take only 9 minutes.
- Network Slicing: With the rollout of the 5G technology, network slicing has become much easier. It means that the network will spill to the security, coverage, encryption, capacity, and speed that has needed. In other words, you can say that every flat in a building has a specific key so that only some people can enter that flat. Therefore, the case is similar to the 5G technology too. The people with a 5G sim with proper security features can use it when needed.
- Regulation & Security: 5G comes with the correct level of security and trust in it. Soon, there will become a wider deployment in third-party involvement in the access of 5G. However, it will increase opportunities for the hackers too. 5G SIM will play an essential role in user security and privacy to keep it away from hackers too.
- Low Latency Rate: The better performance of the 5G network ensures a low latency rate. Furthermore, the latency rate means the delay time in sending and receiving messages. It is around 1 millisecond in 5G. On the other hand, it goes around 200 milliseconds to 250 milliseconds to send and receive messages in the 4G mobile network. Better networking of 5G is useful to transfer messages effectively and save time too.
Who invented the 5G network?
South Korea is the first nation that adopted the 5G network in the year 2019. There are around 224 operators in 88 countries that are using this technology. All the 5G technology carriers in South Korea used the Ericsson, Samsung, and Nokia base stations.
Apart from that, many people used Huwaei equipment. Samsung is the largest supplier in South Korea that has 56,000 base stations from 86,000 base stations in total. The nine companies offering 5G radio hardware systems are Altiostar, Cisco Systems, Datang Telecom, Ericsson, Huawei, Nokia, Qualcomm, Samsung, and ZTE.
Benefits of 5G technology for Business
Consumers will get the benefit of faster services of using the 5G mobile network. They will get a reliable connection. Therefore, the genuine benefits of 5G technology for business are as follows:
- 5G connection is useful to improve the efficiencies of the remote employees. Furthermore, it will save the time of employees and then, they will become more productive to handle the things properly.
- Network slicing will allow the companies to have their dedicated network and maintain them according to their specific needs. Moreover, it will have a positive impact on improving the operational efficiency in the organization.
- Rural communities will get better connectivity with the 5G technology.
- The industries can explore better opportunities from the 5G technology. However, it was not possible with the 4G network earlier. By the year 2035, it will create 22 million and £8.5 trillion value of goods.
- 5G offers to do productivity savings to reduce costs of producing the goods in the industries.
Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G Technology
The advantages of using the 5G technology are:
- It is easy to transfer data at a fast speed with the help of the 5G technology.
- Dynamic beamforming is useful to overcome the higher frequencies issues.
- The use of the small antennas is at higher frequencies. Additionally, the MIMO concept has been used for smooth data transfer.
- The 10 Gbps or above data rates can provide a positive user experience in transferring and downloading the data.
- The carrier aggregation feature is useful to achieve higher bandwidth.
The following are the disadvantages of the 5G mobile network are:
- However, it will take some time to provide a proper security and privacy network in the 5G technology.
- 5G is in the development phase; therefore, it will take time for the research and development to make this technology fully functional globally.
- Common people have to wait, as the 5G smartphones are costly available in the market.
- Requirement of skilled engineers is required installing the 5G networking system in the areas. Furthermore, the 5G equipment is costly. Therefore, it increases the deployment cost in the maintenance phase.
Is the world ready for 5G?
The countries, including the USA, UK, and South Korea, began rolling out the 5G technology in their regions. Still, it is in a limited form available in these countries. UK is proceeding in the early stages to launch the 5G technology. In the future, many countries will begin adopting the 5G technology. At this moment, the world is not ready for 5G. It will take time to implement the changes related to 5G globally.
What will be the future of 5G technology?
5G network is set to bring revolution in the range of products, services, and several industries. The coming of this technology will increase the performance of mobile phone technology. On the other hand, many applications are available to impact 5G.
The greater capacity of 5G is beneficial in the development of IoT devices. It can improve the speed and capacity for the better capacity of the devices available in the market. On the other hand, it will create a market for autonomous vehicles. Remote surgeries will perform under the guidance of the doctors by using the 5G technology.